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Pre-Confederation censuses

      1861 Census of the Canadas

      General documentation

      Data files

      • The Central Ontario Historical Census Linkage Study, 1861-1871. Produced by Gordon Darroch & Michael Ornstein, Sociology, York University. Available via SDA.
      • Aggregated tables available in ODESI (343 files in total, covering the period 1665-1871, Beyond 20/20 & CSV formats). Transcribed from Censuses of Canada. Volume IV. 1665-1871.
      • Searchable database of census returns available on the Library and Archives Canada website (only scanned images can be downloaded)

      Geospatial data

      Published statistics

        1851-2 Census of the Canadas

        General documentation

        Data files

        • Microdata file created by Université de Montréal. Programme de recherche en démographie historique (PRDH), available to University of Toronto users via SDA. Note: no documentation is available.
        • Aggregated tables available in ODESI (343 files in total, covering the period 1665-1871, Beyond 20/20 & CSV formats). Transcribed from Censuses of Canada. Volume IV. 1665-1871.
        • Searchable database of census returns available on the Library and Archives Canada website (only scanned images can be downloaded)

        Geospatial data

        Published statistics

          Censuses of Newfoundland and Labrador

          Censuses of Prince Edward Island

          • 1848 Census of Prince Edward Island
            • Tables for this census were published in volume IV of the 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized and made available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
          • 1841 Census of Prince Edward Island
            • This census has been transcribed by the the government of Prince Edward Island and can be searched online (results in html format)
            • Tables for this census were published in volume IV of the 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized and made available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
          • 1734 Census of Prince Edward Island
            • This census has been transcribed by Dave Hunter (Island Register) and is available online (html format)
          • 1728 Census of St. John Island
            • Tables for this census were published in volume IV of the 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized and made available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)

            Censuses of Nova Scotia

            Censuses of New Brunswick

            Censuses of Acadia

            • 1731: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1714: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1703: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1701: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1698: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1695: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1693: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1686: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1671: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)

            Censuses of Lower Canada / Canada East / Canada (colony in New France) / New France / Quebec

            • 1842 / 1844
              • This census was first completed in 1842 but for various reasons it was not a success and was retaken in 1844. Only the census returns from 1842 have been preserved, while the published statistical tables reflect the 1844 counts.
              • Information about this census is avaialble from Library and Archives Canada
              • Published statistics & data
            • 1831
            • 1827: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1825
            • 1790: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1784: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1765: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1754: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1739: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1734: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1721: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1720: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1719: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1706: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1698: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1695: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1692: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1688: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1685: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1681: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1679: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1667: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1665-6: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)

            Censuses of Upper Canada / Canada West

            • 1848: Tables for this census were published in volume IV of the 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized and made available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1842
            • 1841: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1840: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1839: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1838: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1837: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1836: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1835: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1834: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1833: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1832: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1831: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1930: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1829: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1828: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1827: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1826: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1825: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1824: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)

            Censuses of Assiniboia / Red River

            • 1856: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1849: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1846: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1843: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1840: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1838: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1835: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1834: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)
            • 1831: Tables for this census were published in volume IV, 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized - available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)

            Censuses of British Columbia

            1870 Census of British Columbia

            • Published statistics & data
              • Tables for this census were published in volume IV of the 1871 Census of Canada. These have also been digitized and made available in odesi (CSV & Beyond 20/20 format)

            Other useful publications