Scholars in the Arab world and the United States established the Arab Barometer in 2005. The University of Michigan and Princeton University in the U.S. provided initial leadership, in partnership with universities and research centers in Jordan, Palestine, Morocco, Algeria and Kuwait. In 2010, the Arab Democracy Barometer formed a partnership with the Arab Reform Initiative (ARI, www.arab-reform.net) to expand the project’s scope and range of activities, building off ARI’s regional survey work carried out in 2006-2008. The Arab Barometer was developed in consultation with the Global Barometer project, a network composed of regional barometers in Latin America, Sub-Saharan, East Asia and South Asia (http://www.globalbarometer.net/). Like other regional Barometers, the objectives of the Arab Barometer are to produce scientifically reliable data on the politically-relevant attitudes of ordinary citizens, to disseminate and apply survey findings in order to contribute to political reform, and to strengthen institutional capacity for public opinion research.