The collection of electoral results at the level of single constituencies for 18 Western European countries developed jointly with the comparative research on the formation processes of national electorates and party systems in Europe carried out in the framework of a Ph.D. dissertation written at the European University Institute of Florence (see Chapter 3 of the handbook in Part I 'Elections in Comparison').
international: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxemburg, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom (which includes Britain and Ireland for 1832-1918 and Britain and Northern Ireland since 1922)
Data have been collected mainly from official sources. In many cases, especially for the earlier periods, only secondary sources were available. The list of sources contains both types of sources for each country.
Data use for non-commercial purpose only. Copying allowed only for use on internal network of purchasing institution. University of Toronto faculty, students, and staff, for academic research and teaching purposes only.