Genealogy Sources

Genealogical Sources at the Map & Data Library

Genealogical sources: Gazetteers, maps and Atlases.
Compiled by Joan Winearls, November 1997, Revisions by Marcel Fortin, Last Update April 18, 2007.

Table of Contents

I. Canadian Reference Sources

1. Gazetteers

2. Bibliographies

3. Map Sources

4. Miscellaneous Sources

II. Foreign Reference Sources

A. Great Britain

B. Central and Eastern Europe

1. Gazetteers

2. Map Series

3. Reference Map and Atlas Sources


All locations are MAPL unless otherwise indicated, and are located at Data, Map and Government Information Services, University of Toronto Library, 5th floor, Robarts Library.



Carter, Floreen, Place Names of Ontario. (London: Phelps Publishing Co., 1985) 2 vols. F 5501/C3/1985
Gazetteer of Canada. Ottawa: Queen’s Printer, 1952- F 5008/G32/04. Volumes issued for each province - Current volumes on Canadian Gazetteer Stand


Catalogue of the National Map Collection, Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario (Boston: G.K. Hall, 1976). 16 vols. Z 6028/N384/1976
Fortin, Marcel, Canadian Fire Insurance Plans in Ontario Collections. (Ottawa: Association of Canadian Map Libraries & Archives, 1995). Z 6026/I7F67/1995 Ready Ref.
Hayward, Robert, Fire Insurance Plans in the National Map Collection (Ottawa: National Map Collection, Public Archives of Canada, 1977) Z 6026/I7H39 & Ready Ref.
Maddick, Heather County maps: Landownership maps of Canada in the 19th century ... Introductory essay by Joan Winearls. Ottawa: National Map Collection, 1976. Z 6027/C21C68
May, Betty County Atlases of Canada: a descriptive catalogue. Ottawa, National Map Collection, 1970. Z 6027/C21N3
Stephenson, R.W. Land Ownership maps: a checklist of nineteenth century United States county maps in the Library of Congress. (Washington, D.C. Library of Congress, 1967) Z 6027/U5U54
Winearls, Joan Mapping Upper Canada, 1780-1867: an annotated bibliography of manuscript and printed maps (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991)
Z 6027/C23069/1991

3.Map sources

Economic Atlas of Ontario ed. by W.G. Dean (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1969.) -Plates 98, 99 Fo G 1146/G1D4/1969 Atlas Stand
Gentilcore, R. Louis and C. Grant Head Ontario's History in Maps (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984). Fo G 1146/S1G46 Atlas Stand
Lemon, James T. and J. Simmons A Guide to Data on Nineteenth Century Toronto rev. ed. (Toronto: Dept. of Geography, University of Toronto, 1977). See Fig. 3 for a map of ward boundary changes in Toronto. VF 3524 T61 F
Norris, Darrell Census Districts in Eastern Canada 1851-1891: a folio of base maps. (Hamilton:McMaster University, 1980). G 1146/E25N677. Census divisions are generally the same as electoral divisions (counties in eastern Canada and subdivisions are usually townships) - see Electoral Atlas of the Dominion of Canada ...1894...1906...1915 and other election districts map series for various dates.
Ontario Ministry of Transportation and Communications [Monochrome map series of Ontario] 1:100,000. (Toronto: 1978- ) Sheets for each of the counties showing survey grid (lots and concessions). G 3501/P2/100/1978-
Sectional Map [Western Canada] 1:190,800. (Ottawa: Surveyor General's Office, 1891- ). G 3530s/380/1891- R  

4.Miscellaneous sources

Bloomfield, Elizabeth Inventory of Primary and Archival Sources Guelph and Wellington County to 1940. (Guelph: Guelph Regional Project, University of Guelph, 1989.)
Z 1392/W395/B562.

Gentilcore, R. Louis and Kate Donkin Land Surveys of southern Ontario: an introduction and index to the field note books of the Ontario land surveyors 1784-1859. (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1973). TA 523/05G45.

A Guide to Ontario Land Registry Records. Prepared for the Archives of Ontario, The Ministry of Consumer and Commercial Relations, and the Ontario Genealogical Society. (Toronto: OGS, 1994). For registered subdivision plans - see p. 29 for list of Registry Offices, Figs 14-16. KEO 273/G85/1994.
Hazelgrove, A.R. Name and Place Index to Illustrated Historical Atlas of the County of York...1878 (Kingston: 1977). G 1148/Y6M5/1878b See also his indexes for Hastings and Prince Edward, Leeds and Grenville, Northumberland & Durham, Frontenac, Lennox & Addington.
Jonasson, Eric `Oliver F. Cummins Directory Maps: Canada's 20th century `County Atlases' Canadian Genealogist vol. 3 no. 3 (1981) p. 140-156. CS 80/C35 ROBA
May, Betty Maps in genealogical research' in Families vol. 16 no. 4 (1977) p. 152-165. -Lists atlas facsimiles and Guidal and Cummins maps for western Canada and parts of eastern Canada. CS 80/F3 ROBA
Sitwell, George `County maps of the nineteenth century as historical documents a new use' Canadian Cartographer vol. 7 no. 1 (June 1970) p. 27-41. Reconstructing the route of the census taker. GA 101/C32


A. Great Britain

The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England and Wales, ed. By J.H.F. Brabner. (London:Routledge/Thoemmes Press, 1997)6 vols. DA 640/B7/1997. Reprint of the original of 1894-5, and includes maps of counties & major cities.
Foot, William Maps for Family History: a Guide to the records of the Tithe, Valuation Office, and National Farm Surveys of England and Wales, 1836-1943. (London: PRO Publications, 1994). CD 1043/F66/1994
General alphabetical index to the townlands and towns, parishes and baronies of Ireland. (Baltimore, MD., Genealogical Publishing Co., 1984) G 1831/F7M5/1988
J.G. Bartholomew Gazetteer of the British Isles 9th ed. (Edinburgh: 1966). DA 640/B23/1966

Beech, Geraldine and Rose Mitchell Maps for Family and Local History: The Records of the Tithe, Valuation Office and National Farm Surveys of England and Wales, 1836-1943. (Richmond, UK: National Archives Reader's Guide No. 26 Second Revised Edition) HD 593 B44 2004 c.1 DATAMAPG
Mitchell, Brian A new genealogical atlas of Ireland (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988) G 1831/F7M5
Ordnance Survey of England and Wales. 1:63,360 Southampton, 1885-1914. 360 maps. mfe G 5750s/63/1885-1914. For other sets in facsimile see ...
Ordnance Survey of Ireland 1:63,360 [Dublin: 1856-1862] 205 maps. mfe G 5780s 63 1856-62. mfe G 5780s/63/1856-62
Ordnance Survey of Scotland 1:63,360. [Southampton, 1887-1890] ? maps. mfe G 5770s 63 1887-1890.
mfe G 5770s/63/1887-90
The Phillimore Atlas and Index of Parish Registers ed. by Cecil R. Humphery-Smith (Chichester, Eng., Phillimore & Co., 1984.) G 1816/E42P5  
Townland survey of the County of ...[Ireland] 1:10,560. [Dublin, Ordnance Survey of Ireland, 1833- 1967 microfiche. mfe G 5780s/10/1833-

B. Central & Eastern Europe


Allegemeines geographisch-statistisches Lexikon aller Osterreichischen Staaten.2 Aufl.(Wien: 1846-8) DB 14/A44/1846 vols 3, 5, 7, 9-17 ROBA (lacks 6 vols.)
Atlas der Donaulander/Atlas of the Danubian Countries ed. By Josef Breu...11th teil: Comparative Multilingual Gazetteer of the Geographical Names (Wien: 1989)
Fo G1882/D3O44/Register
Barran, F.R. Nordliches Ostpreussen...Ortsnamen-Verzeichnis und Karte, deutsch-russisch und deutsch-litauisch. (Leer: Rautenberg, 1992) DK 511/K157B37/1992 covers Eastern Prussia, Pomerania.
Cohen, Chester G,.Shtetl finder gazetteer (Los Angeles, Periday Co., 1980). Central & Eastern Europe DS 135/R9C54

Gardner, Duncan B. German towns in Slovakia & Upper Hungary: a genealogical gazetteer. 2nd ed. Lakewood, Ohio, Family Historian, 1989. DB 2707/G37/1988
A Gazetteer of the World. New Delhi, Gian Publishing House, 1988, 1990. 7 vols. Reprint of the 1850-1856 publication, Edinburgh, A. Fullerton. G 102/G28/1990

Gemeindeverzeichnis fur Mittel- und Ostdeutschland und die
fruheren deutschen Siedlungsgebiete im Ausland. (Frankfurt, 1970). DD 14/A53 German place names in former Greater Germany and 1937-48 and east-central Europe. Places located by former administrative units e.g. Regierungsbezirk and Landkreis.
Geoname Digital Gazetteer (San Diego: GDE Systems Inc., 1995). DMGIS. A CD-ROM index to all the names listed in all the U.S. Office of Geography gazetteers issued for various countries (see below).
*Kay, George K. Postal Place Names in Poland. (Edinburgh: 1992) Many references to name changes and post office name changes. DK 4035/K39/1992

*Mokotoff, Gary & S.A. Sack, Where once we walked: a guide to the Jewish communities destroyed in the holocaust. (Bergenfield, NJ, Avotaynu, 2002 ) Revised Edition. DS135.E83 M65 2002 Places in Central & Eastern Europe.

*Mokotoff, Gary & S.A. Sack, Where once we walked: a guide to the Jewish communities destroyed in the holocaust. (Teaneck, N.J., Avotaynu Inc., 1991). DS 135/E83M65/1991 Places in Central & Eastern Europe.
Room, Adrian Place-name changes 1900-1991. Metuchen, N.J., & London, Scarecrow Press, 1993. G 103.5/R657 World name changes with particular reference to the Soviet Union, China and Africa; discusses types of changes that were made.
*United States Office of Geography or Board on Geographic Names or Defense Mapping Agency [Gazetteers] ca.195- Individual gazetteers issued for most foreign countries. See particularly Poland, USSR (6 vols.), West Germany, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Romania, Bulgaria. Check in catalogue for name of country -Gazetteers. See also Geoname Digital Gazetteer above.
Vassmer, Max, Russisches Geographisches Namenbuch (Wiesbaden, O. Harrassowitz [und] Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Mainz, 1964-81) 12 vols. In Russian and German. DK 14/V27 ROBA

Where there are no detailed older gazetteers in the library, try world gazetteers with older atlases such as Stieler's Hand-Atlas Namenverzeichnis (1925)
G 1019/S785/1925/Index Fo Atlas Stand or The Times Survey Atlas of the World (London: 1922). G 1019/T53 Fo Atlas Stand

2.Map series

The best general small-scale series that cover much of the area are as follows:
*World 1:500,000 (London: D Survey, War Office etc. Series 1404 (GSGS 4830). G 3200s 500 195?- TOPO
*Ubersichstkarte von Mitteleuropa 1:300,000. (Berlin: Reichsamt fur Landesaufnahme, 1893?- ) G 6030s 300 1893?- TOPO
*Generalkarte von Mitteleuropa 1:200,000. (Wien: Bunesamt fur Eich un Vermessungswesen... , 1890-) G 6030s 200 1890- TOPO. Best general series for coverage of south central and pt of eastern Europe. Dates vary, some early sheets.
A series covering part of the same area but with less for the eastern part is:
Central Europe 1:100,000. GSGS 4416 (London, 1943-) G 6030s 100 1943- TOPO
Central Europe 1:250,000. GSGS 4346. (London & Washington: GSGS & AMS, 1944- ) G 6030s 250 1944- TOPO
Then try the following larger-scale series for various areas, countries as follows:
*Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. [Spezialkarte der osterreichisch-ungarischen monarchie] 1:75,000 (Vienna: K.u.K Militar-geographisches Institut, [1873]-
mfe G6030s 75 1873- Covers south-central and eastern Europe and Balkans.
Karte des Deutschen Reiches 1:100,000. ([Berlin]: Reichsamt fur Landesaufnahme, [186-] mfe G 6080s 100 [186-] Covers Greater Germany
Mapa Polski, 1:500,000. (Warszawa: Wojskowy Instytut Geograficzny, 1946- ) G 6520 500 1946-
Poland 1:50,000 Series M751. (Washington: U.S. Army Map Service, 1956-) G 6520s 50 1956- TOPO Post WWII area of Poland.
*[Poland 1:100,000] (Warszawa: Wojskowy Instytut Geograficzny, [192-]. mfe G 6520s 100 [192-] Covers greater Poland
Russia 1:1,000,000. GSGS 4257. ([London] GSGS, War Office, 1941-) G 6965 1000 1941- Covers pt of western Russia and eastern Europe but at a small scale.
3.Reference map & atlas sources

These are either earlier maps, historical sources, or reference maps showing changes in boundaries and/or place-names:
Da geht unser Weg durch Kampf z. Siegl.[map] (Stuttgart: Verlag Wilhelm Schild, [1916?]. G 5701 R3 [1914-16?] WW I German map showing places in Eastern Europe.
Döring, Ferdinand von. Administrativ-statistischer Atlas vom Preussischen Staate : Neudruck mit einer Einführung und. Berlin : Kiepert, c1990. G 1918 .P7 1990 MAPL

Freytag und Berndt. Karta Ukrainy. [map] (Kyov:1919. G 7100 2000 1918
Germany and its approaches with international boundaries as of Sept. 1, 1939... Austria and Czechoslovakia[map]. (Washington: National Geographic Society, 1944)
G 6080 2000 1938-9
Greater Germany administrative divisions 1 July 1944. ([Washington]: U.S. Office of Strategic Services, 1945. G 6081 F7 2150 1945.

Huebert, Helmut T. Molotschna Historical Atlas Winnipeg: Springfield Publishers, 2003. G 2154 M65S1 H8 2003 c.1 Datamapgov

*Kraus, Theodor Atlas Ostliches Mitteleuropa (Biefeld: [1959]. Historical administrative boundaries for south central eastern Europe. Fo G 2080/K7/1959
*Magocsi, Paul Historical Atlas of East Central Europe (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993) ...and his Ukraine, a Historical Atlas (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1987) G 2081 S1M3 1993b
Mapa Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. [map] (Warszawa: Wojskowy Instytut Geograficzny, 1934). G 6520 1000 1934.
Okrusko, Andrew Ukraine [map] (Winnipeg: Orel Ltd., 1974) G 7100 1350 1974
Ubersichskarte des Russischen Kriegsschauplatzes.[map] (Leipzig: Velhagen & Klasing, [1916?]. G 6966 F2 2000 [1916?]. WW I German map showing place-names in Eastern Europe.